Freight forwarding business in Nigeria is one of the most easy business ventures to start in Nigeria. However, it requires a mentorship program and some years of experience working in top shipping company in Nigeria.
Most freight forwarding companies serve as intermediate or middlemen between two parties: The first is the owner of shipments and the other is the person who receives the goods as they arrive.
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Below is our list of transportation methods that you can consider when planning on how to start a successful freight forwarding business in Nigeria.
Type of Transportation Methods for Freight Forwarding Business in Nigeria
#1. Air Freight Services (Air Cargo)
Air craft is considered as one of the fastest mode of transportation system to consider when thinking of freight forwarding business in Nigeria or anyplace worldwide. Although, air freight is one of the most expensive types of cargo transport you can think of; among others.
#2. Maritime Cargo Transportation
Sea or ocean freight is the oldest mode of transportation in freight forwarding business. It provides also one of the most reliable shipping processes to use.
Maritime cargo transportation is associated with a lot of advantages such as carrying of high volume load capacity, long distance coverage, less expensive and the ability to manage favorable and adverse weather conditions that may affect your goods and consignments.
Some of the categories of goods that can be transported in sea freight mode include:
- Liquid bulk cargoes (hazardous goods such as fuel, petrol, and crude oil)
- Dry bulk cargoes ( e.g. sand, salt, cement, minerals, fertilizers, and grains)
- Roll-on / Off-off goods (like shipping of vehicles, heavy machines, artworks)
- Full or half Container goods (e.g. computers parts, clothes, television sets, etc).
#3. Rail Freight (Rail Transport Services)
Freight forwarding company also makes use of rail road in transportation of shipment.
Example of goods transported in freight rail includes house cleaning products, batteries and coal chemicals etc.
#4. Land Freight or Road Transport System
Land transport is the movement of people and/or goods from one location or country to another through roads and pathways.
Road freights make use of trucks in cargo transits, especially from the place of shipments or pack to the final destination of the goods.
Wrapping up: How to Start Freight Forwarding Business in Nigeria
Now you know the top four Types of transportation methods that are best for Freight Forwarding Business in Nigeria. If you are thinking of land transport to start your business, Nigeria is still battling with the problems o poor road infrastructures and good rail networks.
If you have the business capital, we advise you consider air fright or waterway/sea transport systems. The points here are that you need a good support team and make sure this is the kind of business you love to do. Some career parts in freight forwarding business in Nigeria are stated here below.
Career Parts in Clearing and Freight Forwarding Business in Nigeria
#1. Shippers Agent
A shipper also known as consignor is a person or a freight forwarding company who owns the commodity that will be transported by a freight carrier.
The roles of freight shippers in freight forwarding business are to document all necessary procedures requires in goods transportation. They also carry out packaging and tagging of goods before shipments. Again, they supervise all physical activities of loading and off loading of cargos.
#2. Freight Carrier Owner
A freight carrier or vessel owner is a company or individual who is in-charge of all transportation process of goods and services from exporting ports to the final destinations.
As a freight carrier owner, you may play different roles in shipment transportation even while working with licensed or original cargo owner or shippers. Shippers are the owner of the goods transported and a freight carrier or company is responsible for the transports of the commodity.
#3. Customs Brokers
Freight brokers play middlemen roles between the shippers, regulatory authorities and the freight carriers. They help in connecting business between the shippers and freight carriers which in return earn their money in the forms of commissions and bonuses.
#4. Freight Forwarders
A freight forwarder coordinates carefully the incoming and outgoing of goods in freight forwarding business.
In fact, most freight forwarding agents handles all the logistic aspect of shipments.